Fingernails signs


Inflammatory bowel disease, pulmonary malignancy, asbestosis, chronic bronchitis, COPD, cirrhosis, congenital heart disease, endocarditis, atrioventricular malformations, fistulas

Iron deficiency anemia, hemochromatosis, Raynaud’s disease, SLE, trauma, nail-patella syndrome

Psoriasis, infection, hyperthyroidism, sarcoidosis, trauma, amyloidosis, connective tissue disorders

Psoriasis, Reiter’s syndrome, incontinentia pigmenti, alopecia areata

Beau’s lines
Any severe systemic illness that disrupts nail growth, Raynaud’s disease, pemphigus, trauma

Yellow nail
Lymphedema, pleural effusion, immunodeficiency, bronchiectasis, sinusitis, rheumatoid arthritis, nephrotic syndrome, thyroiditis, tuberculosis, Raynaud’s disease

Terry’s (white) nails
Hepatic failure, cirrhosis, diabetes mellitus, CHF, hyperthyroidism, malnutrition

Azure lunula
Hepatolenticular degeneration (Wilson’s disease), silver poisoning, quinacrine therapy

Half-and-half nails
Specific for renal failure

Muehrcke’s lines
Specific for hypoalbuminemia

Mees’ lines
Arsenic poisoning, Hodgkin’s disease, CHF, leprosy, malaria, chemotherapy, carbon monoxide poisoning, other systemic insults

Dark longitudinal streaks
Melanoma, benign nevus, chemical staining, normal variant in darkly pigmented people

Longitudinal striations
Alopecia areata, vitiligo, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis

Splinter hemorrhage
Subacute bacterial endocarditis, SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, antiphospholipid syndrome, peptic ulcer disease, malignancies, oral contraceptive use, pregnancy, psoriasis, trauma

Rheumatoid arthritis, SLE, dermatomyositis, scleroderma

commonly known as "ingrown nails" (unguis incarnatus)

also called "ram's-horn nail", is a thickening and increase in curvature of the nail. It is usually the result of injury to the matrix. It may be partially hereditary and can also occur as a result of long-term neglect

You may also like

Find Us On Facebook


Featured Video

Featured Video

Popular Posts